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Innovative Sustainable Urban Last Mile

Small Vehicles and Business Models

The report introduces the last-mile delivery landscape, emphasizing key stakeholders like shippers, logistics providers, customers, and local authorities. It focuses on Light Electric Freight Vehicles (LEFVs) through diverse case studies, exploring operational experiences. The report also analyzes last-mile development, business models, and current trends, emphasizing sustainability beyond CO2 reduction.  A DHL Express case study illustrates the applicability of e-cargo bikes. It identifies barriers include staffing challenges, transitioning to electric vehicles, and sector immaturity. Finally, the report recommends collaborative efforts between larger logistics players, smaller companies, and local authorities to implement sustainable solutions for improved efficiency and sustainability in last-mile delivery.


  • Virva Tuomala
  • Anna Aminoff
  • Niklas Arvidsson
  • Britta Gammelgaard
  • Helleke Heikkinen
  • Howard Weir 


Nina Egeli - Senior Innovation Adviser

Nina Egeli

Senior Innovation Adviser
Internationalization, innovation and business development support, in combination with a strong background in strategy and policy development are main pillars in Nina’s professional life. Through project design and management, she aims to fit market needs with relevant services and opportunities that allows new business partnerships and business projects to prosper.

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